[antlr-interest] ANTLR3 How to transform trees

Terence Parr parrt at cs.usfca.edu
Tue Mar 20 13:10:15 PDT 2007

On Mar 20, 2007, at 7:17 AM, Kailey Joanette wrote:

> Hey Guys,
> I'm extremely new to ANTLR. I first tried my hand at JavaCC until I  
> found ANTLR and realized how much more powerful it is than JavaCC.  
> In any case...
> I know how to build a basic grammar to read in stuff (in my case  
> though I'm using the Java 1.5 parser). I even know how to build a  
> basic tree out of what I get.
> What I'm trying to do now is to take the tree that I originally  
> create and transform it a little. Basically I'm trying to write a  
> Java to C++ translator. I realize this is a bit of a large  
> undertaking, but not everything has to be perfect. I only need to  
> worry about a subset of the language for my purposes. But this  
> should be able to convert say a simple Java class into a C++ class.
> If my grammar rule looks like this:
> type
> : Identifier (typeArguments)? ('.' Identifier (typeArguments)? )*  
> ('[' ']')*
> -> ^(TYPE_IDENTIFIER ^(ARRAY_DECLARE '[' ']')* Identifier+)
> | primitiveType ('[' ']')*
> -> ^(TYPE_PRIMITIVE ^(ARRAY_DECLARE '[' ']')* primitiveType)
> ;
> Say all I want to do is change the contents of the ARRAY_DECLARE.  
> How do I go about doing this?
> On that same note, say I wanted to swap the order of ARRAY_DECLARE  
> and Identifiers in the tree, can I do that as well? and how what  
> would the rule look like to do so?
> Any help would be greatly appreciated!

Just use

options {

and then rewrite the constructs you want with -> rewrites.  Use a  
regular grammar, no trees.  The rewrite option alters the token  
buffer inline.  toString it later to get altered buffer.


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